Lifestyle changes can have long-lasting effects that make it easier to control your HS — or even clear HS.
If you have hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), making a few changes to your lifestyle may be the most helpful treatment of all. Dermatologists have found that patients who make some lifestyle changes tend to have fewer flare-ups. They also tend to have less severe HS.
Dermatologists offer the following tips to their patients who have HS:
- Lose weight to lessen HS — or even clear your skin. If you are overweight, losing weight may be the most effective way to control HS. It may even be more effective than treatment. Dermatologists have found that when patients who have HS lose weight, they have fewer flare-ups. Losing just 10% of your body weight can make a difference.
Losing weight has additional benefits for people who have HS. Findings from one medical study showed that having HS increases the risk for developing other health problems, including heart disease and diabetes. HS also increases the risk of having a stroke. Losing weight and eating a well-balanced diet on most days can reduce these risks.
- Quit smoking to reduce HS flare-ups. Quitting smoking can help you live a longer, healthier life. It also can reduce HS flare-ups and decrease the severity of HS.
- Stop shaving where you have breakouts. Shaving can irritate the skin. If you want to remove the hair, ask your dermatologist what you can safely use to remove the hair.
- Wear loose-fitting clothes to reduce friction. Tight waistbands and form-fitting clothes tend to rub against your skin, causing HS to flare. Wearing loose-fitting clothes, including underwear, can help.
- Keep your skin cool. Overheating and sweating can cause HS to flare. If you need a product that can help reduce sweating, such as an antiperspirant, ask your dermatologist for a recommendation. Some antiperspirants are too harsh for skin affected by HS.
Immediate pain relief at home: Deep cyst or nodule If you have a painful deep lump from HS, doing one of the following can bring quick relief:
The warmth can bring immediately pain relief, but it won’t get rid of the cyst or nodule.
- Make tea, using a teabag. After the teabag seeps in the hot water for a minute, remove the hot teabag and place it on the painful cyst or nodule. Keep the teabag on the HS for 10 minutes.
- Make a hot compress. Do this by running a clean washcloth under hot water. Place the hot compress on the HS for 10 minutes.
Dermatologists provide specific tips for each patient
These tips can help most patients who have HS. Because HS can affect the skin in different ways, other tips may help you. Your dermatologist can offer self-care tips that can help you manage your HS.
Related resources: Clinical trials for hidradenitis suppurativa
Links to clinical trials that are federally or privately funded.
Learn more about hidradenitis suppurativa:
Alikhan A, Lynch PJ, Eisen DB. "Hidradenitis suppurativa: A comprehensive review." J Am Acad Dermatol
Buimer MG, Wobbes T, Klinkenbijl JH. “Hidradenitis suppurativa.” Br J Surg
. 2009 Apr;96(4):350-60.