Skin dictionary: Letter S

Learn the meaning of words that tell you more about your skin, hair, and nails.
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Salicylic acid
(sala-sill-ik a-sid)
A type of pimple medicine that helps unplug blocked pores.

Salmon patch (sa-men pach)
A type of birthmark that is pink or red and usually shows up on your face, neck or back at birth.

Scalp (skalp)
The skin on your head from which your hair grows.

Skin cancer (skin kan-sur)
A disease that can happen when some cells in the skin get damaged and start growing too fast. The sun is a major cause of skin cancer.

Sterile (stare-ul)
Very clean, without any germs on it.

Stitches (stich-ez)
Used by doctors to treat a deep cut by sewing the skin back together with needle and thread. When the skin is healed, the doctors take the stitches out.

Stork bite (storek byte)
A type of birthmark that is pink or red and usually shows up on your neck at birth. It's also called a salmon patch.

Subcutaneous fat (sub-cyoo-tane-ee-us)
The bottom layer of the skin. It attaches the rest of your skin to your muscle and bones, and controls your body temperature.

Sun Protection Factor/SPF (sun pro-tek-shun fak-ter)
A number that tells you how your sunscreen will protect you from the sun's UVB rays. The higher the number, the greater the sun protection. Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 and reapply it about every two hours.

Sunscreen (sun-skreen)
A product that protects your skin from the sun's harmful rays, which can damage it. Sunscreen can come in different forms, like cream, gel, lotion, ointment, or stick.

Surgical steel (ser-ji-kel steel)
A metal used in some earrings. It's good because it doesn't usually cause an infection.

Sweat glands (swet glanz)
Little pockets in the second layer of your skin - the dermis - where sweat is made. Sweat helps keep you cool when you're active.